Historical background: strategic bombing during world war ii is a term which refers to all aerial bombardment of a strategic nature between 1939 and 1945 involving any nations engaged in world war ii. Before world war ii, most nations condemned targeting civilians in bombing raids as the war went on, the nations at war expanded their bombing targets from military to industrial ones, then to workers' houses, and finally to entire cities and their civilian populations. World war ii polarized the world the way people viewed humanity people were either allies or enemies, good or evil there was no in between and unfortunately, such inhumane and oversimplified distinctions resulted in the deaths of thousands of innocent citizens in the bombing campaigns of the second world war.
This article will attempt to show that the american way of strategic air war in world war ii, as first codified by the interwar tactical school, was moral and legal, provided one applies the standards that applied at the time to support this basic theme, this article will first describe the development of us strategic bombing doctrine by the. That exhibit would place the invention of atomic weapons and the decision to use them against civilian targets in the context of world war ii and the cold war, provoking broader questions about the morality of strategic bombing and nuclear arms in general. World war ii, the deadliest conflict in human history, with between 50 and 85 million fatalities, was finally over what did harry s truman have to say about his decision to use the atomic bomb at the time, the president seemed conflicted over his decision.
Berlin, the capital of nazi germany, was subject to 363 air raids during the second world war it was bombed by the raf bomber command between 1940 and 1945, and by the usaaf eighth air force between 1943 and 1945, as part of the allied campaign of strategic bombing of germany. The top american military leaders who fought world war ii, much to the surprise of many who are not aware of the record, were quite clear that the atomic bomb was unnecessary, that japan was on. Strategic bombing during world war ii was the sustained aerial attack on railways, harbours, cities, workers' housing, and industrial districts in enemy territory during world war ii strategic bombing is a military strategy which is distinct from both close air support of ground forces and tactical air power. Good bombing, bad bombing: hollywood, air warfare, and morality in world war i and world war ii frank j wetta he is coauthor with stephen j curly of celluloid wars: a guide to film and the american experience of war (westport, ct: greenwood press, 1992.
Truman and his advisers made the only decision they could have made indeed, considered in the context of world war ii, it wasn't really much of a decision at all (this first appeared in 2015. The blitz was the sustained bombing of britain by nazi germany between 7 september 1940 and 10 may 1941,  in the second world warwhile the blitz hit many towns and cities across the country, it began with the bombing of london for 57 consecutive nights [5. September 22, 2003 was world war ii american urban bombing democide rj rummel in my statistics of democide, chapter 13 death by american bombing and other democide,, i listed american indiscriminate urban bombing of germany and japan as democide-murder by government (i include elsewhere in the book such bombing by britain, germany, italy, and japan. Babe's story is just one of dozens told by world war ii veterans and their families in the neh-supported seven-part documentary, the war, produced by ken burns and lynn novick, and written by geoffrey c ward.
Days later, world war ii was over japan's emperor hirohito announced his country's unconditional surrender on august 15, 1945, describing the devastating power of a new and most cruel bomb. Some argue that the bombing was necessary to end world war ii, while others believe that more than 200,000 civilians died in vain part a - short answer the documents below relate to the bombing of hiroshima and nagasaki. The detonation of nuclear weapons tarnished the notion of world war ii as the good war president harry s truman's decision to drop atomic bombs on japan was called both moral and just, as well as one of the worst crimes against humanity, equal to or more heinous than the nazi holocaust. World war ii was the quintessential good war it was not, however, a conflict free of moral ambiguity, painful dilemmas, and unavoidable compromises.
Throughout history, improperly used science has posed a great threat to society with the development of the atomic bomb, science has unleashed the means to destroy the world and burdened future generations with its destructive presence. The morality of suicide bombings 24 july 2012 the bombing last week in damascus that killed syrian defense minister daoud rajiha, internal security chief hafez makhlouf, and deputy defense minister asef shawkat (who also happened to be the brother-in-law of president bashar al-assad), was a major turning point in the syrian civil war. The dropping of the atomic bomb in world war ii and the start of the cold war arms race influenced many aspects of life for the american people politically and socially. Read fighting with a conscience: the effects of an american sense of morality on the evolution of strategic bombing campaigns - world war i and ii, european and pacific theater, korea, vietnam, iraq by progressive management with rakuten kobo.
The bombing of dresden took place feb 13-15, 1945, during world war ii (1939-1945) by the beginning of 1945, german fortunes looked bleak though checked at the battle of the bulge in the west and with the soviets pressing hard on the eastern front , the third reich continued to mount a stubborn defense. A few weeks before the end of world war two, winston churchill drafted a memorandum to the british chiefs of staff: 'it seems to me that the moment has come when the question of bombing of german. There would probably be little disagreement among historians that the most controversial and debated aspect of world war ii was strategic bombing: whether it worked, whether it was worth the effort, and whether it was morally justified. In one significant respect, however, a profound moral continuity also links the world of the 1940s with that of the 21 st century: the very values underpinning the great antifascist struggle of world war ii — democracy, human rights, civic responsibility — are the same ones sustaining the struggle for a more peaceful international order today.
Ever since the atomic bombs were exploded over japanese cities, historians, social scientists, journalists, world war ii veterans, and ordinary citizens have engaged in intense controversy about the events of august 1945. Civilians always die during a war that is the nature of warfare bombing centers of civilian population during world war ii should perhaps be considered in terms of offensive vs defensive. Among the dead cities is a meticulous examination of raf area-bombing of german cities in world war ii the author is a philosopher, but most of his book is history, retelling the story of the air campaign against germany.