The first study female genital mutilation in the european union (2012) mapped out the situation of female genital mutilation in the eu the second study estimation of girls at risk of female genital mutilation in the european union (2015) estimated the risk of female genital mutilation in ireland, portugal and sweden. Global strategy to stop health-care providers from performing female genital mutilation the study reviewed the available literature about the clinical care of women with fgm and identified four areas with significant evidence gaps, and controversy regarding optimal management. Wound to allow the formation of scar tissue (report of female genital mutilation, 2001) because of the highly invasive process, the girl's legs must be bound together and she must remain immobile for 40 days to permit the formation of scar tissue (dorkenoo and elworthy. Of female genital mutilation act, making it illegal to perform fgm/c on girls younger than 18 years of age in the united states 21 in 2013, congress passed another. Twitter has approved and promoted an advertisement for female genital mutilation or female circumcision the dawoodi bohra women for religious freedom had posted a tweet on september 9 promoting the practise of khafz or genital mutilation of women the tweet was allowed by twitter ads to become a.
Female genital mutilation has been outlawed in britain, canada, france, norway, sweeden, switzerland, and the united states the following two maps show the percentages of women and girls in africa from the ages of 15-49 who have undergone a fgm surgery. Michigan 'genital mutilation' case will test our country's political correctness for too long, female genital mutilation has been practiced under the radar in the united states. To study female genital mutilation and its effect on female sexual function, alexandria, egypt 2013 methods a case-control study was conducted on a convenient sample of 272 circumcised women with their 272 control from 4 randomly selected primary health care centers.
May be found if a certain practice is caused by, results in, or in and of itself constitutes, a human rights violation in the case of female genital mutilation (fgm), an esti. Current discussions of female genital mutilation often present these procedures as something non-western, incomprehensible and alien to the traditions of civilised industrial societies. 1 an economic analysis of female genital mutilation: how the marriage market affects the household decision of excision salmata ouedraogo1 sandrine aïda koissy-kpein2. Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of female external genitalia and/or injury to the female genital organs for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reason. Female genital mutilation 5 student manual an estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women in the world today have undergone some form of female genital mutilation, and 2 million girls are at risk from.
Evaluation and treatment of female genital mutilation douglas w laube, md, med, professor and chair, department of obstetrics and gynecology, university of wisconsin at madison medical school one consequence of increased emigration from africa and the middle east to the developed world is an increase in patients with female circumcision. Female genital mutilation (hereafter fgm) involves the partial or complete excision of external female genitalia (primarily the clitoris and labia majora and minora) and other damage to the female genital organs 1 the practice of fgm is one of the most significant health and human. The practice of female circumcision is widely known as female genital mutilation (fgm) nigeria in the past had the highest absolute number of cases of fgm in the world amounting for about one quarter of the estimated 115-130 million circumcised women in the world. Female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons according to a recent unicef publication at least 200 million girls and women have experienced. Female genital mutilation is largely hidden in australia and other high-income countries but the united nations says it is a global concern - and our research found it does affect girls here.
Functionalism can best be used to describe female genital mutilation due to the role each group plays in their society functionalism is a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society's equilibrium (henslin 366. Female genital mutilation is one of the evil perpetrated in africa in the guise of tradition it involves the cutting and removal of all or some parts of the external female genitals as a rite of passage in the traditional african society, fgm (female circumcision) is carried out on the female. Female genital mutilation is excision of the clitoris and the labia minora, accounting for up to 85% of all cases the extreme form is infibulation, which constitutes about 15% of. An analysis of female circumcision as a culture or torture a look at the history and major forms of the practice of female genital mutilation an analysis of.
A working group on female genital mutilation was recently constituted by the lambeth, southwark and lewisham health authority to determine the prevalence of female genital mutilation in the area. Female genital mutilation is essentially unknown in most of the world however, it is relatively common in islamic north-eastern africa and is practised to some degree in indonesia and malaysia its greatest. Female genital cutting (fgc), also known as female circumcision or female genital mutilation, is an ancient practice that predates the abrahamic religions fraught with medical, legal, and bioethical debates, fgc is practiced in 28 african countries and some countries in asia. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting (fgc), female circumcision, or female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c), refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other surgery of the female genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons.